San Jacinto Day
Saturday, April 21st is San Jacinto Day, commemorating the final battle of the Texas Revolution in 1836. The battle was fought in the grassy fields of the Buffalo Bayou near the confluence of the San Jacinto River. The Texan militia charged Santa Anna’s camp shouting “Remember the Alamo!” and “Remember Goliad!” previous battles that had been lost to the Mexican army.
Caught by surprise, the Mexican army was defeated; Santa Anna escaped, but was captured the next day. General Sam Houston was shot in the leg, surviving to become a national hero and the first elected President of the Republic of Texas.
Ground was broken for the San Jacinto Monument for the 100th anniversary of the battle and dedicated three years later. The 570’ memorial column contains an inscription that reads in part:
“The freedom of Texas from Mexico won here led to annexation of nearly a million square miles of territory, almost 1/3rd of the American nation.” Had the battle not been won by the Texan’s, the map of the U.S. would not look anything like it does today.
William B. Travis wrote in his famous letter during the siege of the Alamo “To the people of Texas and all Americans in the world. I am besieged by a thousand or more of the Mexicans. I have sustained continual bombardment for 24 hours. The enemy has demanded surrender at discretion, are to be put to the sword. I have answered with a cannon shot, and our flag still waves. I shall never surrender nor retreat.”